Der Band dokumentiert Vortrage und Workshops der internationalen Abschlusstagung des DFG-Schwerpunktprogrammes 1173 Integration und Desintegration der Kulturen im europaischen Mittelalter, die Ende Mai 2011 in Berlin stattgefunden hat."
In Migration and Mobility in the Early Roman Empire seventeen specialists in the fields of Roman social history, Roman demography and Roman economic history offer fresh perspectives on voluntary, state-organised and forced mobility during the first to early third centuries CE.
This is the first volume to attempt a comprehensive overview of the evolution of the 'Arian' churches in the Roman world of Late Antiquity and their political importance in the late Roman kingdoms of the 5th-6th centuries, ruled by barbarian warrior elites. Bringing together researchers from the disciplines of theology, history and archaeology, and providing an extensive bibliography, it constitutes a breakthrough in a field largely neglected in historical studies. A polemical term coined by the Orthodox Church (the side that prevailed in the Trinitarian disputes of the 4th century C.E.) for its opponents in theology as well as in ecclesiastical politics, Arianism has often been seen as too complicated to understand outside the group of theological specialists dealing with it and has therefore sometimes been ignored in historical studies. The studies here offer an introduction to the subject, grounded in the historical context, then examine the adoption of Arian Christianity among the Gothic contingents of the Roman army, and its subsequent diffusion in the barbarian kingdoms of the late Roman world.
Traces the intellectual and social history of wealth in the early Christian church, examining the financial rise of the church and its effects on the waning Roman empire as well as the church's own beliefs on poverty.
Roman Identity from the Arab Conquests to the Triumph of Orthodoxy
This book asks how the inhabitants and neighbours of the Eastern Roman Empire understand their identity as Romans in the centuries following the emergence of Islam as a world-religion. Its answers lie in exploring the nature of change and continuity of social structures, self-representation, and boundaries as markers of belonging to the Roman group in the period from circa AD 650 to 850. Early medieval Romanness was integral to the Roman imperial project; its local utility as an identifier was shaped by a given community’s relationship with Constantinople, the capital of the Roman state. This volume argues that there was fundamental continuity of Roman identity from Late Antiquity through these centuries into later periods. Many transformations which are ascribed to the Romans of this era have been subjectively assigned by outsiders, separated by time or space, and are not born out by the sources. This finding dovetails with other recent historical works re-evaluating the early medieval Eastern Roman polity and its ideology.
Apocalypse and Reform from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages
Apocalypse and Reform from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages provides a range of perspectives on what reformist apocalypticism meant for the formation of Medieval Europe, from the Fall of Rome to the twelfth century. It explores and challenges accepted narratives about both the development of apocalyptic thought and the way it intersected with cultures of reform to influence major transformations in the medieval world. Bringing together a wealth of knowledge from academics in Britain, Europe and the USA this book offers the latest scholarship in apocalypse studies. It consolidates a paradigm shift, away from seeing apocalypse as a radical force for a suppressed minority, and towards a fuller understanding of apocalypse as a mainstream cultural force in history. Together, the chapters and case studies capture and contextualise the variety of ideas present across Europe in the Middle Ages and set out points for further comparative study of apocalypse across time and space. Offering new perspectives on what ideas of ‘reform’ and ‘apocalypse’ meant in Medieval Europe, Apocalypse and Reform from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages provides students with the ideal introduction to the study of apocalypse during this period.
Despite his critical role in the western Roman Empire during the early fifth century AD, Bonifatius remains a neglected figure in the history of the late Empire. The Last of the Romans presents a new political and military biography of Bonifatius, analysing his rise through the higher echelons of imperial power and examining themes such as the role of the buccellarii as contemporary semi-private armies. The volume offers a reassessment of the usurpation of Ioannes and Bonifatius' indispensable role in the restoration of the Theodosian dynasty in the West. The Vandal invasion of North Africa is re-examined together with Bonifatius's putative role as the traitor who invited them in. The relationship between Bonifatius and Augustine of Hippo is assessed, bringing new light to the important, yet largely unstudied, influence of Christianity in Bonifatius's life. A further discussion revisits the rivalry between Boniface and Aetius. Although Procopius termed Bonifatius and Aetius the last of the Romans, this volume argues that they were the first of Rome's late imperial warlords. The volume closes with a reconstruction of the Odyssey of Sebastian, Bonifatius' son-in-law.
Die Interaktion Von Herrschern und Eliten in Imperialen Ordnungen Des Mittelalters
König und Gefolgschaft im Sasanidenreich : zum Verhältnis zwischen Monarch und imperialer Elite im spätantiken Persien / Henning Börm -- Imperiale Eliten um Justinian / Hartmut Leppin -- Formen der Herrschaftsorganisation in poströmischen regna des 5. und 6. Jahrhunderts : die Königreiche Geiserichs in Africa und Theoderichs in Italien / Guido M. Berndt -- Central peripheries : empires and elites across Byzantine and Arab frontiers in comparison (700-900 CE) / Johannes Preiser-Kapeller -- Educating the Christian elite in Umayyad Cördoba / Ann Christys -- Political and civilian elites in Mamluk Palestine (1260-1516) : some preliminary comments / Reuven Amitai -- Imperial rulers and regional elites in early Medieval Central India (8th to 13th centuries) / Annette Schmiedchen -- Imperial elites, bureaucracy, and the transformation of the geography of power in Tang-Song China / Nicolas Tackett -- Integration durch Kommunikation : ein Versuch über Herrscher, missi und Kapitularien im Karolingerreich / Steffen Patzold -- Italienische Bischöfe und ostfränkisch-deutsche Kaiser : ein exzentrischer Blick auf das Imperium der Ottonen und Salier / Christoph Dartmann -- Die den Erdkreis tragen... : Fürstliche Eliten im Imperium der Staufer / Jan Keupp -- Ererbte und erheiratete Herrschaft : die Einbeziehung von Eliten in der Normandie und in Aquitanien unter Heinrich II. von England / Alheydis Plassmann -- Eliten am päpstlichen Hof zwischen dem Reformpapsttum und Bonifaz VIII : Kardinäle und päpstliche Kapläne als Legaten im Rahmen der päpstlichen Ordnung / Jochen Johrendt
The Migration Period between the Oder and the Vistula 2 vols
This collection of studies is the result of a six-year interdisciplinary research project undertaken by an international team, and constitutes a completely new approach to environmental, cultural and settlement changes around the mid-first millennium AD in Central Europe.