Distracted driving is a behavior dangerous to drivers, passengers, and non-occupants alike. Distraction is a specific type of inattention that occurs when drivers divert their attention from the driving task to focus on some other activity instead. Of those people killed in distraction-affected crashes, 408 occurred in crashes in which at least one of the drivers was using a cell phone (13% of fatalities in distraction-affected crashes) at the time of the crash. Use of a cell phone includes talking/listening to a cell phone, dialing/texting a cell phone, or other cell-phone-related activities. In keeping with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's distraction plan (Overview of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Driver Distraction Program, April 2010, DOT HS 811 299), the agency continues to refine collection of information about the role of distracted driving in police-reported crashes. This book examines data gathered on specific distracting activities to support the development of safety countermeasures and to conduct improved data analysis.
The ninth edition introduces business professionals to basic economic concepts, institutions, relationships, and terminology. It has been updated with the most current qualitative data. Over 20 new applications have been added that help them connect economics to real-world experiences. They’ll gain insight into green economics and how business and the environment are related. Critical Thinking Cases are presented at the end of the chapter to show how concepts are applied. Up for Debate sections also examine the different sides of current economic issues. These updates prepare business professionals to apply their economic knowledge in the field.
Presents articles discussing the issues regarding cell phone use while driving, including whether it is a danger to drivers and others, the dangers of texting while driving, and the effectiveness of related legislation.
A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.