This book presents a comprehensive survey about conducting polymers and their hybrids with different materials. It highlights the topics pertinent to research and development in academia and in the industry. The book thus discusses the preparation and characterization of these materials, as well as materials properties and their processing. The current challenges in the field are addressed, and an outline on new and even futuristic approaches is given. “Conducting Polymer Hybrids” is concerned with a fascinating class of materials with the promise for wide-ranging applications, including energy generation and storage, supercapacitors, electronics, display technologies, sensing, environmental and biomedical applications. The book covers a large variety of systems: one-, two-, and three-dimenstional composites and hybrids, mixed at micro- and nanolevel.
This book presents synthesis methods, characterization techniques, properties and applications of hybrid conducting polymers. Special emphasis is given to the applications of hybrid conductive polymers, with chapters ranging from electronic devices, environmental remediation, and sensors, to medical applications.
Conducting Polymers and Hybrid Derivates with Specific Applications as Sensors and Bioactive Platforms
The principal focus of this Thesis is the development and design of promising hybrid nanocomposites based on conducting polymers with the main objective of achieving applications in the field of biotechnology and biomedicine. The main lines of research can be summarized as follows;1) Preparation, characterization and evaluation of N-substituted polypyrrole derivatives and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) for electrochemical detection of dopamine, one of the neurotransmitters associated to neurological disorders. In order to examine this purpose, different strategies have been taken into account such as, polymerization method using individual or even combined conducting polymers, the incorporation of gold nanoparticles, the use of soft templates, and other approachs. 2) Design of synthetic amino acids bearing an EDOT group to develop peptide-PEDOT hybrids materials based on chemical similarity concepts. The conjugates have shown that the electrical and electrochemical properties of the conducting polymers are preserved. Therefore, one of their potential applications would be as candidates for the development of platforms with bioactive and bioelectrocompatible properties. 3) Preparation and characterization of organic hybrid materials formed by an all-conjugated polythiophene backbone andwell-defined polyethylene glycol (PEG) grafted chains, which have powerful applicability as active surfaces for the selective adsorption of proteins and as bioactive platforms. Among several factors which influence on the structure and properties of graft copolymers, one of the most important is the molecular weight of the PEG chains which provokes a considerably reduction in the backbone conjugation length. 4) Preparation and characterization of new bionanocomposites formed by PEDOT and CREKA, which is a biologically active linear pentapeptide. The incorporation of CREKA into a PEDOT matrix has been carried out under different experimental conditions and has shown a positive effect on the electrochemical properties of conducting polymer and indicating a favourable cellular proliferation due to the ability to bind fibrin. Some research findings provided in this Thesis have been published or accepted for publication in scientific journals: 1. An electroactive and biologically responsive hybrid conjugate based on chemical similarity. G. Fabregat, G. Ballano, E. Armelin, L. J. del Valle, C. Cativiela and C. Alemán, Polym. Chem., 2013, 4, 1412. 2.Hybrid materials consisting of an all-conjugated polythiophene backbone and grafted hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) chains. A.-D. Bendrea, G. Fabregat, L. Cianga, F. Estrany, L. J. del Valle, I. Cianga and C. Alemán, Polym. Chem., 2013,4, 2709. 3.Polythiophene-g-poly(ethylene glycol) graft copolymers for electroactive scaffolds.A.-D. Bendrea, G. Fabregat, J. Torras, S. Maione, L. Cianga, L. J. del Valle, I. Cianga and C. Alemán, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2013,1, 4135. 4.Design of hybrid conjugates based on chemical similarity.G. Fabregat, G. Ballano, J. Casanovas, A. D. Laurent, E. Armelin, Luis J. del Valle, C. Cativiela, D. Jacquemin and C. Alemán, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 21069. 5.Controlling the morphology of poly(N -cyanoethylpyrrole). G. Fabregat, M. T. Casas, C. Alemán and E. Armelin, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2012, 116, 5064. 7.Ultrathin Films of Polypyrrole Derivatives for Dopamine Detection. G. Fabregat, E. Córdova-Mateo, E. Armelin, O. Bertran and C. Alemán. J. Phys. Chem. C, 2011, 115,14933.8.Nanostructured conducting polymer for dopamine detection.M. Martí, G. Fabregat, F. Estrany, C. Alemán and E. Armelin, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 10652.
Conducting polymers (CPs) such as polyaniline (PANI), polypyrrole (PPY), poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene) (PEDOT), and poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT), have been recognized as promising organic semiconductors due to their controllable chemical/electrochemical properties, light weight, low cost, good biocompatibility, facile processability, and adjustable electrical conductivities. This book presents current research in the field of polymers. Topics discussed include resonance raman of polyanilines nanofibers; conducting polymer micro-/nano- structures via template-free method; charge transfer and electrochemical reactions at electrodes modified with pristine and metal-containing films of conducting polymers; and conducting polymer-functionalized carbon nanotubes hybrid nanostructures based bioanalytical sensors.
Electrically Conductive Polymers and Polymer Composites
A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the latest research trends in conductive polymers and polymer hybrids, summarizing recent achievements. The book begins by introducing conductive polymer materials and their classification, while subsequent chapters discuss the various syntheses, resulting properties and up-scaling as well as the important applications in biomedical and biotechnological fields, including biosensors and biodevices. The whole is rounded off by a look at future technological advances. The result is a well-structured, essential reference for beginners as well as experienced researchers.
Enhanced Conducting Polymer PEDOT PSS silicon Hybrid Solar Cells
This book is derived from the findings of an EU-funded project. The objective ofthe project was to develop conductive plastic composites that are eco-friendly,cost effective and of high added value. This was achieved through an ambitiousmultidisciplinary approach developing new, radically innovative, knowledge-basedand sustainable products for protection against the effects of electromagneticinterference (EMI) and electrostatic discharge (ESD).Research was based on the compounding of engineering polymers and inherentlyconductive polymers (ICP) with improved conductivity, or hybrid systems of ICPwith conductive nanotubes and other fibrous conductors. Innovative processingtechnologies specifically tailored to the new materials were also developed. theproject aimed to dramatically extend the current performance and processabilityof ICP and alternative materials to enable significant replacement of metals in EMIshielding and ESD protection applications.This book will benefit plastics converters who wish to take full advantage of thepotential of conductive plastic materials.
A hybrid material is defined as a material composed of an intimate mixture of inorganic components, organic components, or both types of components. In the last few years, a tremendous amount of attention has been given towards the development of materials for efficient energy harvesting; nanostructured hybrid materials have also been gaining significant advances to provide pollutant free drinking water, sensing of environmental pollutants, energy storage and conservation. Separately, intensive work on high performing polymer nanocomposites for applications in the automotive, aerospace and construction industries has been carried out, but the aggregation of many fillers, such as clay, LDH, CNT, graphene, represented a major barrier in their development. Only very recently has this problem been overcome by fabrication and applications of 3D hybrid nanomaterials as nanofillers in a variety of polymers. This book, Hybrid Nanomaterials, examines all the recent developments in the research and specially covers the following subjects: Hybrid nanostructured materials for development of advanced lithium batteries High performing hybrid nanomaterials for supercapacitor applications Nanohybrid materials in the development of solar energy applications Application of hybrid nanomaterials in water purification Advanced nanostructured materials in electromagnetic shielding of radiations Preparation, properties and application of hybrid nanomaterials in sensing of environmental pollutants Development of hybrid fillers/polymer nanocomposites for electronic applications High performance hybrid filler reinforced epoxy nanocomposites State-of-the-art overview of elastomer/hybrid filler nanocomposites
P 160 Silver Nanowire Transparent Conducting Oxide Conducting Polymer Hybrids for Flexible and Transparent Conductive Electrodes for Organic Light Emitting Dodes
Abstract : We investigated various properties of AgNW‐transparent conductive oxide (TCO)‐conducting polymer (CP) hybrid electrodes for the application in flexible organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). The hybrid transparent conductive electrodes (TCEs) fabricated on plastic substrates consists of AgNW networks, Indium zinc oxide (TCO) and CP that is deposited on top of the AgNW.
Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials Structure and Chemistry
Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Volume 1: Structure and Chemistry presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their structure and chemistry. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications