Advances in Agricultural Machinery and Technologies

Advances in Agricultural Machinery and Technologies

Advances in Agricultural Machinery and Technologies

The agricultural industry is dealing with enormous challenges across the globe, including the limited availability of arable lands and fresh water, as well as the effect of climate change. Machinery plays a crucial role in agriculture and farming systems, in order to feed the world’s growing population. In the last decade, we have witnessed major advances in agricultural machinery and technologies, particularly as manufacturers and researchers develop and apply various novel ways of automation as well as the data and information gathering and analyzing capabilities of their machinery. This book presents the state-of-the-art information on the important innovations in the agricultural and horticultural industry. It reviews and presents different novel technologies and implementation of these technologies to optimize farming processes and food production. There are four sections, each addressing a specific area of development. Section I discusses the recent development of farm machinery and technology. Section II focuses on water and irrigation engineering. Section III covers harvesting and post-harvest technology. Section IV describes computer modelling and simulation. Each section highlights current industry trends and latest research progress. This book is ideal for those working in or are associated with the fields of agriculture, agri-food chain and technology development and promotion.

Small Farm Equipment for Developing Countries

Small Farm Equipment for Developing Countries

Small Farm Equipment for Developing Countries

The role of small farm equipment; Land preparation; Irrigation; Seeding and planting; Plant protection and soil fertility; Harvesting; Threshing; Grain drying; Improving research and development, manufacturing, marketing, extension and use of small farm equipment.

Economic Efficiency and Farm Mechanisation

Economic Efficiency and Farm Mechanisation

Economic Efficiency and Farm Mechanisation

Modernisation Of Agriculture Is A Worldwide Trend. Modernisation And Technological Inputs Are Highly Interrelated. Among Technological Innovations, The Mechanization Is Perhaps The Most Critical One. Unfortunately, The History Of Agricultural Policy In Many Developing Countries, Including India, Is Replete With Controversies When It Come To Mechanization. Mechanization Was Dubbed As Anti-Labour, Anti-Employment, Anti-Poor, And Hence Needs To Be Discouraged At Any Cost. Over The Years, The Scare Among Policy Makers About Mechanization Has Receded In Its Intensity But The Phobia Has Not Disappeared. Many Economists Have Also Contributed To The Predicament Of Policy Makers In This Regard. Part Of It Was Ideological And Visibly Anti-Big Farmer Oriented. In This Perspective, Mechanization Was Identified With Large Farms And Big Farmers. The Present Study About The Impact Of Mechanization, Is Able To Pinpoint With A Great Deal Of Accuracy, The Desirable Consequences And Welcome Features Of Mechanization. It Is Able To Explore The Effects Of Mechanization On Farm Income, Employment, Productivity And Economic Efficiency In Crop Production. The Arguments That Have Been Made In The Present Study Regarding The Social Costs And Benefits Of The Existing Pattern Of Mechanization Leads To The Conclusion That Net Social Benefits Are Positive. Analysis Of Data From The Present Study Indicates That The Existing Pattern Of Mechanization Does Not Add To Unemployment In The Region, Where The Thrust Is To Expand Agricultural Output, Because Machines Are Used In Response To Worthwhile Techno-Economic Considerations And High Cost Of Draught Power. As Machines Help To Save Resources, Hitherto Allotted To Maintain Draught Animals They Enable An Increase In Output By Raising Crop Intensity And Yield Per Acre. Their Use May Be Socially More Beneficial In The Context Of Shortages And High Prices Of Agricultural Commodities. The Increase In The Scale Of Operation, The Rise In The Crop Intensity And Yield Per Acre Made Possible By Mechanization Can Lead To A Net Increase In Farm Employment. Being In An Age Of Technology, We Simply Cannot Ignore This Beneficial Fallout From Mechanization. Although, The Empirical Work Is Confined To Andhra Pradesh, In Its Analytical Framework, Methodology And Discussion Of Relevant Issues It Has Much Wider Application. It Is A Major Contribution To The Research And Would Be Useful To Economists, Agricultural Scientists And Policy Makers.