Considers the history of petroleum's engineering, production, refining, and consumption, and synthesizes recent scholarship linking overreliance on the resource to environmental degradation and economic disparity.
This concise, accessible introduction to the history of oil tells the story of how petroleum has shaped human life since it was first discovered oozing inconspicuously from the soil. For a century, human dependence on petroleum caused little discomfort as we enjoyed the heyday of cheap crude—a glorious episode of energy gluttony that was destined to end. Today, we see the disastrous results in environmental degradation, political instability, and world economic disparity in the waning years of a petroleum-powered civilization—lessons rooted in the finite nature of oil. Considering the nature of oil itself as well as humans’ remarkable relationship with it, Brian C. Black spotlights our modern conundrum and then explores the challenges of our future without oil. It is this essential context, he argues, that will prepare us for our energy transition. Bringing his global perspective and wide-ranging technical knowledge, Black has written an essential contribution to environmental history and the rapidly emerging field of energy history in this sweeping, forward-looking survey.
This book, the result of more than ten years of research, concerns one of Guatemala's most tragic decades, the 1980s. It outlines the internal situation and examines the international network of support for that apparatus. The focus is also on tens of thousands who fled from the violence. REVIEW: "This work constitutes an extraordinary document about political violence and State terrorism." --Edelberto Torres-Rivas, Guatemalan writer, Costa Rica
An historical and cultural study of class, both as a media-perceived image and as it existed in reality, in Britain, the USA and France from 1930 to the end of the 1970s. The author focuses on the changes which have evolved in social attitudes and the present perception of class distinction.