This book attempts to define the development of a unique style in the Old English poetic corpus. The emergence of Latin as a language of instruction and as a literary model for practicing writers changed the poetic landscape in ways sometimes obvious but sometimes rather complex and subtle. Professor Wine shows in this book how, for Cynewulf at least, style was effected as an integration of Latin rhetoric with the native germanic poetic techniques. This poet provides an interesting exemplar for the ways in which the clashing of two cultures - one Latin and literate, the other germanic and oral - could create a new poetic.
Considers the definitions and implications of style in Anglo-Saxon art and literature. Art historian Meyer Schapiro defined style as "the constant form--and sometimes the constant elements, qualities, and expression--in the art of an individual or group. "Today, style is frequently overlooked as a critical tool, with our interest instead resting with the personal, the ephemeral, and the fragmentary. Anglo-Saxon Styles demonstrates just how vital style remains in a methodological and theoretical prism, regardless of the object, individual, fragment, or process studied. Contributors from a variety of disciplines--including literature, art history, manuscript studies, philology, and more--consider the definitions and implications of style in Anglo-Saxon culture and in contemporary scholarship. They demonstrate that the idea of style as a "constant form" has its limitations, and that style is in fact the ordering of form, both verbal and visual. Anglo-Saxon texts and images carry meanings and express agendas, presenting us with paradoxes and riddles that require us to keep questioning the meanings of style.
Two original essays and 16 published since 1950 offer a comprehensive view of Cynewulf, his language, and his poetry. The collection contains important new statements on dates, provenance, and canon by R.D. Fulk and Patrick W. Conner, four influential essays that thoroughly explore Cynewulf's runic signature and poetic style, and major contributions to our understanding of the four signed poems of Cynewulf, "Fates of the Apostles, Christ II, Juliana, and Elene." Three essays are devoted to each of these poems, and the essays themselves exemplify a broad range of approaches to this highly elusive Anglo-Saxon poet. Representative essays include J.E. Cross, "Cynewulf's Traditions about the Apostles in The Fates of the Apostles," George Hardin Brown, "The Descent-Ascent Motif in "Christ II" of Cynewulf," Donald G. Bzdyl, "Juliana: Cynewulf's Dispeller of Delusion," Catharine A. Regan, "Evangelicism as the Informing Principle of Cynewulf's "Elene,"" and Dolores Warwick Frese, "The Art of Cynewulf's Runic Signatures." The volume complements existing book-length treatments of the subject and will be welcome to scholars and students who need the foundations of Cynewulf scholarship at their fingertips. Index.
An exhaustive guide to every significant Christian theologian from the first century through to the death of John Duns Scotus in 1308, the Dictionary of Theologians is an invaluable window into the complex world of early and medieval Christian thought. The dictionary encompasses the Catholic, Orthodox, Nestorian and Monophysite traditions, including information not previously available in English. Thoroughly indexed, the dictionary includes common variants of names and concepts which will help and direct the reader. With over 290 entries, each provides an accessible summary of a theologians life and writings that reflect recent scholarship, as well as an up to date bibliography containing all primary and secondary texts and translations in the major western European languages published as of 2008. Useful for all levels of academia; no other text matches the depth of the dictionarys bibliographies. The unprecedented thoroughness of Hills compilation has provided an indispensable resource for even the most penetrating of studies on so large and varied a range of Church thinkers.