In Finite Element Design of Concrete Structures: practical problems and their solutions the author addresses this blind belief in computer results by offering a useful critique that important details are overlooked due to the flood of information from the output of computer calculations. Indeed, errors in the numerical model may lead in extreme cases to structural failures as the collapse of the so-called Sleipner platform has demonstrated.
Practitioners Guide to Finite Element Modelling of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Non-linear computer analysis methods have seen remarkable advancement in the last half-century. The state-of-the-art in non-linear finite element analysis of reinforced concrete has progressed to the point where such procedures are close to being practical, every-day tools for design office engineers. Non-linear computer analysis procedures can be used to provide reliable assessments of the strength and integrity of damaged or deteriorated structures, or of structures built to previous codes, standards or practices deemed to be deficient today. They can serve as valuable tools in assessing the expected behaviour from retrofitted structures, or in investigating and rationally selecting amongst various repair alternatives. fib Bulletin 45 provides an overview of current concepts and techniques relating to computer-based finite element modelling of structural concrete. It summarises the basic knowledge required for use of nonlinear analysis methods as applied to practical design, construction and maintenance of concrete structures, and attempts to provide a diverse and balanced portrayal of the current technical knowledge, recognizing that there are often competing and conflicting viewpoints. This report does not give advice on picking one model over another but, rather, provides guidance to designers on how to use existing and future models as tools in design practice, in benchmarking of their models against established and reliable test data and in selecting an appropriate safety factor as well as recognising various pitfalls. fib Bulletin 45 is intended for practicing engineers, and therefore focuses more on practical application and less on the subtleties of constitutive modelling.
Finite Element Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Structures Using Post Tensioning Steel
This book details the theory and applications of finite element (FE) modeling of post-tensioned (PT) concrete structures, and provides the updated MATLAB code (as of 2019). The challenge of modeling PT prestressed concrete structures lies in the treatment of the interface between the concrete and prestressing tendons. Using MATLAB, this study develops an innovative nonlinear FE formulation which incorporates contact techniques and engineering elements to considerably reduce the need of computational power. This FE formulation has the ability to simulate different PT frame systems with fully bonded, fully unbonded or partially bonded tendons, as well as actual sliding behavior and frictional effects in the tendons. It also allows for the accurate simulation of anchor seating loss.
Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures II
The work presents the theoretical basis of Additional Finite Element Me-thod (AFEM), which is a variant of the Finite Element Method (FEM) for analy-sis of reinforced concrete structures at limit state. AFEM adds to the traditional sequence of problem by FEM the units of the two well-known methods of the structural design: method of additional loads and limit state method. The prob-lem is solved by introduction of ideal failure models and additional design dia-grams formed from additional finite elements, where each AFE describes the limit state reached by the main element. The main relations defining the proper-ties of AFEs as well as the examples of the use of Additional Finite Element Me-thod for analysis of reinforced concrete structures at limit state are given in the work too.
Design of Modern Highrise Reinforced Concrete Structures
This book presents the results of a Japanese national research project carried out in 1988-1993, usually referred to as the New RC Project. Developing advanced reinforced concrete building structures with high strength and high quality materials under its auspices, the project aimed at promoting construction of highrise reinforced concrete buildings in highly seismic areas such as Japan. The project covered all the aspects of reinforced concrete structures, namely materials, structural elements, structural design, construction, and feasibility studies. In addition to presenting these results, the book includes two chapters giving an elementary explanation of modern analytical techniques, i.e. finite element analysis and earthquake response analysis. Contents:RC Highrise Buildings in Seismic Areas (H Aoyama)The New RC Project (H Hiraishi)New RC Materials (M Abe & H Shiohara)New RC Structural Elements (T Kaminosono)Finite Element Analysis (H Noguchi)Structural Design Principles (M Teshigawara)Earthquake Response Analysis (T Kabeyasawa)Construction of New RC Structures (Y Masuda)Feasibility Studies and Example Buildings (H Fujitani) Readership: Civil, ocean and marine engineers.
Finite Element Analysis and Design of Steel and Steel Concrete Composite Bridges
In recent years, bridge engineers and researchers are increasingly turning to the finite element method for the design of Steel and Steel-Concrete Composite Bridges. However, the complexity of the method has made the transition slow. Based on twenty years of experience, Finite Element Analysis and Design of Steel and Steel-Concrete Composite Bridges provides structural engineers and researchers with detailed modeling techniques for creating robust design models. The book’s seven chapters begin with an overview of the various forms of modern steel and steel–concrete composite bridges as well as current design codes. This is followed by self-contained chapters concerning: nonlinear material behavior of the bridge components, applied loads and stability of steel and steel–concrete composite bridges, and design of steel and steel–concrete composite bridge components. Constitutive models for construction materials including material non-linearity and geometric non-linearity The mechanical approach including problem setup, strain energy, external energy and potential energy), mathematics behind the method Commonly available finite elements codes for the design of steel bridges Explains how the design information from Finite Element Analysis is incorporated into Building information models to obtain quantity information, cost analysis
A Powerful Tool for the Analysis and Design of Complex Structural Elements Finite-Element Modelling of Structural Concrete: Short-Term Static and Dynamic Loading Conditions presents a finite-element model of structural concrete under short-term loading, covering the whole range of short-term loading conditions, from static (monotonic and cyclic) to dynamic (seismic and impact) cases. Experimental data on the behavior of concrete at both the material and structural levels reveal the unavoidable development of triaxial stress conditions prior to failure which dictate the collapse and ductility of structural concrete members. Moreover, and in contrast with generally accepted tenets, it can be shown that the post-peak behavior of concrete as a material is realistically described by a complete and immediate loss of load-carrying capacity. Hence rational analysis and design of concrete components in accordance with the currently prevailing limit-state philosophy requires the use of triaxial material data consistent with the notion of a fully brittle material, and this approach is implemented in the book by outlining a finite-element method for the prediction of the strength, deformation, and cracking patterns of arbitrary structural concrete forms. Presents a Unified Approach to Structural Modeling Numerous examples are given that show both the unifying generality of this proposed approach and the reliability of the ensuing numerical procedure for which the sole input is the specified uniaxial cylinder compressive strength of concrete and the yield stress of the steel. This not only offers a better understanding of the phenomenology of structural concrete behavior but also illustrates, by means of suitable examples, the type of revision required for improving design methods in terms of both safety and economy. This book: Highlights the significance of valid experimental information on the behavior of concrete under triaxial stress conditions for interpreting structural behavior Describes the techniques used for obtaining valid test data and modeling concrete behavior Discusses the modeling of steel properties as well as the interaction between concrete and steel Presents numerical techniques for incorporating the material models into nonlinear finite-element analysis for the case of short-term static loading Provides numerical techniques adopted for extending the use of the numerical analysis scheme for the solution of dynamic problems Predicts the response of a wide range of structural-concrete configurations to seismic and impact excitations Using relevant case studies throughout, Finite-Element Modelling of Structural Concrete: Short-Term Static and Dynamic Loading Conditions focuses on the realistic modeling of structural concrete on the basis of existing and reliable material data and aids in the research and study of structural concrete and concrete materials.
Shows the unifying generality of the proposed approach and the reliability of the ensuing computer package, for which the sole input is the specified cylinder strength of concrete and the yield is the stress of steel. This book offers an understanding of structural concrete behaviour, and illustrates the revision required for improving methods.
Performance Based Seismic Design of Concrete Structures and Infrastructures
Solid design and craftsmanship are a necessity for structures and infrastructures that must stand up to natural disasters on a regular basis. Continuous research developments in the engineering field are imperative for sustaining buildings against the threat of earthquakes and other natural disasters. Performance-Based Seismic Design of Concrete Structures and Infrastructures is an informative reference source on all the latest trends and emerging data associated with structural design. Highlighting key topics such as seismic assessments, shear wall structures, and infrastructure resilience, this is an ideal resource for all academicians, students, professionals, and researchers that are seeking new knowledge on the best methods and techniques for designing solid structural designs.