In the United States roughly 2 million people are incarcerated; billions of animals are held captive (and then killed) in the food industry every year; hundreds of thousands of animals are kept in laboratories; thousands are in zoos and aquaria; millions of "pets" are captive in our homes. Surprisingly, despite the rich ethical questions it raises, very little philosophical attention has been paid to questions raised by captivity. Though conditions of captivity vary widely for humans and for other animals, there are common ethical themes that imprisonment raises, including the value of liberty, the nature of autonomy, the meaning of dignity, and the impact of routine confinement on physical and psychological well-being. This volume brings together scholars, scientists, and sanctuary workers to address in fifteen new essays the ethical issues captivity raises. Section One contains chapters written by those with expert knowledge about particular conditions of captivity and includes discussion of how captivity is experienced by dogs, whales and dolphins, elephants, chimpanzees, rabbits, formerly farmed animals, and human prisoners. Section Two contains chapters by philosophers and social theorists that reflect on the social, political, and ethical issues raised by captivity, including discussions about confinement, domestication, captive breeding for conservation, the work of moral repair, dignity and an ethics of sight, and the role that coercion plays.
Morality's Progress is the summation of nearly three decades of work by a leading figure in environmental ethics and bioethics. The twenty-two papers here are invigoratingly diverse, but together tell a unified story about various aspects of the morality of our relationships to animals and to nature. Jamieson's direct and accessible essays will convince sceptics that thinking about these relations offers great intellectual reward, and his work here sets a challenging, controversial agenda for the future.
"If this work is of men it will come to nothing: but if it is of God, you cannot overthrow it " -Rabbi Gamaliel, Acts 5:38?39 Was Theosophical Society founder Helena P. Blavatsky a prophetess or charlatan? Since the 1870's detractors have lambasted both her character and ideas. Yet, H.P.B.'s reputation has continued to grow. Theosophy's non-dogmatic and ecumenical approach to spirituality offers 21st Century seekers a viable alternative to religious fundamentalism. Today thousands of people on every continent belong to the Theosophical Society. All of Madame's books and articles remain in print. The freshness and wit of her letters make them seem as if they were written yesterday. Though controversial, she's withstood time's test. Madame Blavatsky Revisited tells H.P.B.'s remarkable story in an entertaining manner.
"The seizure of the Maple Leaf has been given almost no attention because of its relative unimportance in comparison with other events occurring shortly before and after; the escape of seventy Rebel officers was but a minor footnote to a calamitous war filled with disasters. The day before the escape from the Maple Leaf, the largest cavalry battle of the war was fought at Brandy Station. And within a few weeks after the prisoners' return, devastating blows would be delivered to the South at Vicksburg, Port Hudson, and Gettysburg. These are but some of the reasons by the events of June 10, 1863 on the Maple Leaf have been eclipsed and all but forgotten." The Confederate officers involved in the Maple Leaf escape thought that they were on their way to City Point, Virginia, to be exchanged for Union prisoners. Soon after their arrival at Fort Norfolk, however, the prisoners were told exchanges and paroles had been suspended, and that they would be transported on the Maple Leaf to the Federal prison at Fort Delaware. Once at sea, they began plotting their escape. Off the coast of Virginia, they were able to overwhelm their captors, and went ashore in North Carolina a few miles south of Cape Henry. Country folk risked their lives assisting the escapees as they fled across the Great Dismal Swamp with the Yankees close behind. Colonel Witt retired after thirty years in the U.S. Army where he served as Staff Judge Advocate in Vietnam and Germany, as well as at West Point, and the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command at Fort Monroe, Virginia. He also served tours of duty in the Pentagon as legislative counsel in the Office of the Secretary of the Army, and as Deputy Legal Advisor to the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff. At the time of his retirement he was responsible for the supervision and training of the Army's 200 criminal defense attorneys.
"In Readability Revisited, Dr. Jeanne Chall and the late Dr. Edgar Dale present an introduction and historical overview of the original Dale-Chall Readability Formula, its purposes and uses over nearly five decades, and its relation to other measures of readability. The second chapter of Readability Revisited presents the new, revised Dale-Chall Readability Formula which is based on a new set of criterion passages, an updated familiar word list, and better rules for measuring the two factors of word familiarity and sentence length. The authors have also simplified the instructions and computations required to apply the formula." "Three worksheets included in the book combine the revised Dale-Chall formula with assessments of the cognitive and structural elements of the written material, the characteristics of the target readers, and their purpose for reading the material. Together, these provide a new and powerful tool for assessing the reading difficulty of written materials."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Ethics on the Ark presents a passionate, multivocal discussion—among zoo professionals, activists, conservation biologists, and philosophers—about the future of zoos and aquariums, the treatment of animals in captivity, and the question of whether the individual, the species, or the ecosystem is the most important focus in conservation efforts. Contributors represent all sides of the issues. Moving from the fundamental to the practical, from biodiversity to population regulation, from animal research to captive breeding, Ethics on the Ark represents an important gathering of the many fervent and contentious viewpoints shaping the wildlife conservation debate.