This book describes in detail the design of rail networks and systems. Many of the different elements of a rail system are described and explained. Common features such as junctions and terminus's are explained in detail. The broad principles of network design are also discussed, such as achieving a high network speed, and building pendulum lines without curves. Methods are explained for describing a rail system, such as the route length and the number of passengers per day. Common features of rail systems are also described, such as stabling yards and maintenance centres. The relationship between the different types of rail modes is also analysed. This book also outlines how to determine average speeds through rail systems, using kinematic formulas and accelerations. Braking curves are also discussed and explained. Average speeds for the many different types of rail transport modes are explained. This book also provides a broad overview of rail infrastructure and stations. A brief introduction to the many different types of engineering disciplines and types is given. A brief introduction is also provided for stations and their environment. Many of the different types of rail projects are described. Key success factors for various different types of rail projects are discussed, as are the measures that can be used for gauging success and failure.
Contributors include: Jeremy Rewse-Davies, former Head of Design at London Transport, now heads the design consultancy Rewse Davies Associates, Dr Nigel Harris, Director of The Railway Consultancy and Jeremy Lloyd, an analyst with Urban Initiatives with experience in planning railway stations for the Railtrack and Underground networks. Planning, design and management are stages within a continuous process of asset stewardship. During the first stage the theoretical and political foundations are laid. During the second stage practical details are developed, and the assets themselves constructed and commissioned. The third and longest stage, management, oversees a process of alteration, maintenance, and repair that will continue throughout the life of the station. The management stage will, itself, contain elements of planning and design in order to realise alterations. A large organisation will be involved in planning, design and management all at once, planning a number of new and altered stations, organising the design and construction of a number more, and managing a large portfolio of stations of diverse size, age and condition. Each stage - planning, design and management - must bear in mind the needs of the succeeding stages. Each stage is constrained by decisions taken during the preceding stages. The bulk of the whole life cost of a project is committed early on. The process is cyclical - whether a vicious or virtual circle depends on the client, designer and manager. This book looks at the planning, design and management of railway stations. It examines a whole range of stations, from city stations handling tens of millions of passengers annually, through smaller urban and suburban stations, to rural halts. Commercial aspects and matters of image and branding are examined alongside technical and operational considerations. As important aspects of the rail renaissance that the world is now enjoying, metro and light rail stations are not neglected. Neither are specialist stations such as Parkways, rail-sea terminals and airport terminals. It is a vital purchase for architects, planners, engineers, developers, investors, consultants, operating companies worldwide as well as architectural students and libraries. Includes detailed analysis of station planning, design and management Considers all sizes and types of stations, including special types such as park-&-ride and stations for sports stadia Considers modular construction of stations as a means of achieving rapid, cost-effective improvements
Solving Network Design Problems via Decomposition Aggregation and Approximation
Andreas Bärmann develops novel approaches for the solution of network design problems as they arise in various contexts of applied optimization. At the example of an optimal expansion of the German railway network until 2030, the author derives a tailor-made decomposition technique for multi-period network design problems. Next, he develops a general framework for the solution of network design problems via aggregation of the underlying graph structure. This approach is shown to save much computation time as compared to standard techniques. Finally, the author devises a modelling framework for the approximation of the robust counterpart under ellipsoidal uncertainty, an often-studied case in the literature. Each of these three approaches opens up a fascinating branch of research which promises a better theoretical understanding of the problem and an increasing range of solvable application settings at the same time.
Optimization Models for Rail Car Fleet Management represents the result of multi-year efforts to provide readers with insights into one of the most important areas of railway transport management. The book covers mathematical procedures for the effective and efficient utilization of railway freight cars, developed models for optimization methods, heterogeneity and partial substitutability of freight cars, research and development in rail freight car fleet management models, and the stochastic and dynamic nature of the supply, demand and traveling time of freight cars, among other topics. Summarizes the authors past research efforts in the field of rail freight car fleet management Presents various approaches that include the application of a variety of optimization techniques Contains centralized, decentralized, distributed perspectives considered under the assumption of deterministic, stochastic, fuzzy and fuzzy stochastic parameters
Handbook of Operations Research Applications at Railroads
This is the first book to offer a complete spectrum of the role that operations research has played and can play in the improvement of North American freight railroads. It explores how decisions are made at railroads, contains examples of the mathematical programming formulations to the complex problems, and provides insights into real-world applications. The handbook is divided into eleven chapters, covering topics including scheduling problems, empty railcar distribution, and intermodal rail. These topics have been specifically selected to offer a thorough examination of the application of operations research at freight railroads. The chapters are written by recognized award-winning scholars and practitioners with a deep knowledge and understanding of their specific topics. The Handbook of Operations Research Applications at Railroads is an ideal resource for academics, experienced researchers, and consultants in the field.
An Information System Design Framework for State Rail Planning
The rail-based transit system is a popular public transportation option, not just with members of the public but also with policy makers looking to install a form of convenient and rapid travel. Even for moving bulk freight long distances, a rail-based system is the most sustainable transportation system currently available. The Handbook of Research on Emerging Innovations in Rail Transportation Engineering presents the latest research on next-generation public transportation infrastructures. Emphasizing a diverse set of topics related to rail-based transportation such as funding issues, policy design, traffic planning and forecasting, and engineering solutions, this comprehensive publication is an essential resource for transportation planners, engineers, policymakers, and graduate-level engineering students interested in uncovering research-based solutions, recommendations, and examples of modern rail transportation systems.