The Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice (CECP) of the American Institutes for Research (AIR) presents the full text of "U.S.S.S. Safe School Initiative: An Interim Report on the Prevention of Targeted Violence in Schools," a report in PDF format by the U.S. Secret Service National Threat Assessment Center and the U.S. Department of Education. The report was published in October 2000. Findings of the report show that incidents of targeted violence at school are rarely impulsive and in most cases the attacker spoke to someone about the plan. Most attackers had previously used guns and had access to them. In several cases, having been bullied played a role in the attack.
Safe School Initiative
Author: United States. Secret Service. National Threat Assessment Center
School safety and the attacks at Columbine High School and Virginia Tech are the subjects of four major government reports reproduced in this important book. Safe School Initiative: Littleton, Colorado; Springfield, Oregon; West Paducah, Kentucky; Jonesboro, Arkansas. These communities have become familiar to many Americans as the locations where school shootings have occurred in recent years. School shootings are a rare, but significant, component of school violence in America. In June 1999, following the attack at Columbine High School, our two agencies-the U.S. Secret Service and the U.S. Department of Education-launched a collaborative effort to begin to answer these questions. The result was the Safe School Initiative, an extensive examination of 37 incidents of targeted school shootings and school attacks that have occurred in the United States beginning with the earliest identified incident in 1974 through June 2000. Wanton Violence at Columbine High School: This report is an analysis of the fire service and emergency medical service (EMS) operations and the overall response to the assault on Columbine High School at Littleton, Colorado, on April 20, 1999. Incident command, special operations, and mass casualty emergency medical services are featured. In any major incident, the efforts of all public safety personnel are inexorably linked. However, this report does not address the overall law enforcement operations, or the concurrent operations of various police commands, the special weapons and tactics (SWAT) teams, or the explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) units. The Jefferson County Sheriff's Office issued a formal report and has released surveillance video and radio transmissions that provide additional information on law enforcement's efforts during this incident. Virginia Tech: On April 21, 2007, in response to the tragic shootings at Virginia Tech, President George W. Bush directed Secretaries Michael Leavitt and Margaret Spellings and Attorney General Alberto Gonzales to travel to communities across our nation and to meet with educators, mental health experts, law enforcement and state and local officials to discuss the broader issues raised by this tragedy. Questions were raised about the proper balance between providing for the safety and security of our communities, while protecting privacy and liberty, and helping people with mental illness get the care they need. Our meetings and this report were not, and could not be, an attempt to resolve or reset the balance of all these interests. Nor did people with whom we met feel we could eliminate all risk, and at the same time maintain a free and open society. But there was a shared sense that we must not miss the opportunity to learn from this event and do what we can to make our communities safer. School Shooter: Why would a student bring a weapon to school and without any explicable reason open fire on fellow students and teachers? Are school shooters angry? Are they crazy? Is their motive revenge? Hatred for the victims? A hunger for attention? The origins of human violence are complex. NCAVC's Study and the Leesburg Symposium * The School Shooter Phenomenon and Threat Assessment * Misinformation About School Shootings * Chapter II * Assessing Threats * What is a Threat * Motivation Signposts * Types of Threats * Factors in Threat Assessment * Levels of Risk * Chapter III * Four-Pronged Assessment Approach * The Four-Pronged Assessment Model * Personality of the Student * Family Dynamics * School Dynamics * Social Dynamics * Chapter IV * Findings * Prong One: Personality Traits and Behavior * Prong Two: Family Dynamics * Prong Three: School Dynamics * Prong Four: Social Dynamics * Chapter V * The Intervention Process * Threat Management In Schools * The Role of Law Enforcement * Examples of Threats * Low-Level Threat * Medium-Level Threat * High-Level Threat * Chapter VI * Recommendations and Conclusions
The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative
This document provides a threat assessment methodology and intervention tool for identifying students at risk for carrying out acts of targeted school violence. This joint report compiled on behalf of the United States Secret Service and the United States Department of Justice is devoted to school violence threat assessment tools and methodology. The report was prepared as part of the Safe School Initiative. The findings of the Initiative indicate that targeted school violence incidents are unlikely to be impulsive, are likely to have observable pre-planning activities, and are likely to be known to other students prior to the event. The goal of the document was to provide an outline of a process for identifying, assessing, and managing students who may be at risk for perpetrating targeted acts of school violence. This report modifies the Initiative's prior threat assessment document and is designed to be used in conjunction with "The Final Report and Finding of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States." Topics covered include: the importance of positive school climate in school violence prevention, a threat assessment program implementation guide, information about conducting a threat assessment, and threat management techniques. The threat management decision making tool developed by the Initiative is also provided.
108 1 Hearings Department of Homeland Security Appropriations For 2004 Part 4 April 30 2003