Completely revised and greatly expanded, the new edition of this text takes readers who have been exposed to only basic courses in analysis through the modern general theory of random processes and stochastic integrals as used by systems theorists, electronic engineers and, more recently, those working in quantitative and mathematical finance. Building upon the original release of this title, this text will be of great interest to research mathematicians and graduate students working in those fields, as well as quants in the finance industry. New features of this edition include: End of chapter exercises; New chapters on basic measure theory and Backward SDEs; Reworked proofs, examples and explanatory material; Increased focus on motivating the mathematics; Extensive topical index. "Such a self-contained and complete exposition of stochastic calculus and applications fills an existing gap in the literature. The book can be recommended for first-year graduate studies. It will be useful for all who intend to work with stochastic calculus as well as with its applications."–Zentralblatt (from review of the First Edition)
Stochastic calculus has important applications to mathematical finance. This book will appeal to practitioners and students who want an elementary introduction to these areas. From the reviews: "As the preface says, ‘This is a text with an attitude, and it is designed to reflect, wherever possible and appropriate, a prejudice for the concrete over the abstract’. This is also reflected in the style of writing which is unusually lively for a mathematics book." --ZENTRALBLATT MATH
Introduction To Stochastic Calculus With Applications 3rd Edition
This book presents a concise and rigorous treatment of stochastic calculus. It also gives its main applications in finance, biology and engineering. In finance, the stochastic calculus is applied to pricing options by no arbitrage. In biology, it is applied to populations' models, and in engineering it is applied to filter signal from noise. Not everything is proved, but enough proofs are given to make it a mathematically rigorous exposition.This book aims to present the theory of stochastic calculus and its applications to an audience which possesses only a basic knowledge of calculus and probability. It may be used as a textbook by graduate and advanced undergraduate students in stochastic processes, financial mathematics and engineering. It is also suitable for researchers to gain working knowledge of the subject. It contains many solved examples and exercises making it suitable for self study.In the book many of the concepts are introduced through worked-out examples, eventually leading to a complete, rigorous statement of the general result, and either a complete proof, a partial proof or a reference. Using such structure, the text will provide a mathematically literate reader with rapid introduction to the subject and its advanced applications. The book covers models in mathematical finance, biology and engineering. For mathematicians, this book can be used as a first text on stochastic calculus or as a companion to more rigorous texts by a way of examples and exercises./a
Algebraic, differential, and integral equations are used in the applied sciences, en gineering, economics, and the social sciences to characterize the current state of a physical, economic, or social system and forecast its evolution in time. Generally, the coefficients of and/or the input to these equations are not precisely known be cause of insufficient information, limited understanding of some underlying phe nomena, and inherent randonmess. For example, the orientation of the atomic lattice in the grains of a polycrystal varies randomly from grain to grain, the spa tial distribution of a phase of a composite material is not known precisely for a particular specimen, bone properties needed to develop reliable artificial joints vary significantly with individual and age, forces acting on a plane from takeoff to landing depend in a complex manner on the environmental conditions and flight pattern, and stock prices and their evolution in time depend on a large number of factors that cannot be described by deterministic models. Problems that can be defined by algebraic, differential, and integral equations with random coefficients and/or input are referred to as stochastic problems. The main objective of this book is the solution of stochastic problems, that is, the determination of the probability law, moments, and/or other probabilistic properties of the state of a physical, economic, or social system. It is assumed that the operators and inputs defining a stochastic problem are specified.
Stochastic Processes And Applications To Mathematical Finance Proceedings Of The 5th Ritsumeikan International Symposium
Based around recent lectures given at the prestigious Ritsumeikan conference, the tutorial and expository articles contained in this volume are an essential guide for practitioners and graduates alike who use stochastic calculus in finance.Among the eminent contributors are Paul Malliavin and Shinzo Watanabe, pioneers of Malliavin Calculus. The coverage also includes a valuable review of current research on credit risks in a mathematically sophisticated way contrasting with existing economics-oriented articles.
An Informal Introduction to Stochastic Calculus with Applications
The goal of this book is to present Stochastic Calculus at an introductory level and not at its maximum mathematical detail. The author aims to capture as much as possible the spirit of elementary deterministic Calculus, at which students have been already exposed. This assumes a presentation that mimics similar properties of deterministic Calculus, which facilitates understanding of more complicated topics of Stochastic Calculus. Contents:A Few Introductory ProblemsBasic NotionsUseful Stochastic ProcessesProperties of Stochastic ProcessesStochastic IntegrationStochastic DifferentiationStochastic Integration TechniquesStochastic Differential EquationsApplications of Brownian MotionGirsanov's Theorem and Brownian MotionSome Applications of Stochastic CalculusHints and Solutions Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students interested in stochastic processes. Key Features:The book contains numerous problems with full solutions and plenty of worked out examples and figures, which facilitate material understandingThe material was tested on students at several universities around the world (Taiwan, Kuwait, USA); this led to a presentation form that balances both technicality and understandingThe presentation mimics as close as possible the same chapters as in deterministic calculus; former calculus students will find this chronology of ideas familiar to CalculusKeywords:Stochastic Processes;Probability Distribution;Brownian Motion;Filtering Theory;Martingale;Ito Calculus;Poisson Process;Bessel Process
Stochastic Calculus with Applications to Stochastic Portfolio Optimisation
Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: The present paper is about continuous time stochastic calculus and its application to stochastic portfolio selection problems. The paper is divided into two parts: The first part provides the mathematical framework and consists of Chapters 1 and 2, where it gives an insight into the theory of stochastic process and the theory of stochastic calculus. The second part, consisting of Chapters 3 and 4, applies the first part to problems in stochastic portfolio theory and stochastic portfolio optimisation. Chapter 1, "Stochastic Processes", starts with the construction of stochastic process. The significance of Markovian kernels is discussed and some examples of process and emigroups will be given. The simple normal-distribution will be extended to the multi-variate normal distribution, which is needed for introducing the Brownian motion process. Finally, another class of stochastic process is introduced which plays a central role in mathematical finance: the martingale. Chapter 2, "Stochastic Calculus", begins with the introduction of the stochastic integral. This integral is different to the Lebesgue-Stieltjes integral because of the randomness of the integrand and integrator. This is followed by the probably most important theorem in stochastic calculus: It o s formula. It o s formula is of central importance and most of the proofs of Chapters 3 and 4 are not possible without it. We continue with the notion of a stochastic differential equations. We introduce strong and weak solutions and a way to solve stochastic differential equations by removing the drift. The last section of Chapter 2 applies stochastic calculus to stochastic control. We will need stochastic control to solve some portfolio problems in Chapter 4. Chapter 3, "Stochastic Portfolio Theory", deals mainly with the problem of introducing an appropriate model for stock prices and portfolios. These models will be needed in Chapter 4. The first section of Chapter 3 introduces a stock market model, portfolios, the risk-less asset, consumption and labour income processes. The second section, Section 3.2, introduces the notion of relative return as well as portfolio generating functions. Relative return finds application in Chapter 4 where we deal with benchmark optimisation. Benchmark optimisation is optimising a portfolio with respect to a given benchmark portfolio. The final section of Chapter 3 contains some considerations about the long-term behaviour of [...]
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the theory of stochastic calculus and some of its applications. It is the only textbook on the subject to include more than two hundred exercises with complete solutions. After explaining the basic elements of probability, the author introduces more advanced topics such as Brownian motion, martingales and Markov processes. The core of the book covers stochastic calculus, including stochastic differential equations, the relationship to partial differential equations, numerical methods and simulation, as well as applications of stochastic processes to finance. The final chapter provides detailed solutions to all exercises, in some cases presenting various solution techniques together with a discussion of advantages and drawbacks of the methods used. Stochastic Calculus will be particularly useful to advanced undergraduate and graduate students wishing to acquire a solid understanding of the subject through the theory and exercises. Including full mathematical statements and rigorous proofs, this book is completely self-contained and suitable for lecture courses as well as self-study.
This book contains articles on stochastic processes (stochastic calculus and Malliavin calculus, functionals of Brownian motions and Levy processes, stochastic control and optimization problems, stochastic numerics, and so on) and their applications to problems in mathematical finance. Examples of topics are applications of Malliavin calculus and numerical analysis to a new simulation scheme for calculating the price of financial derivatives, applications of the asymptotic expansion method in Malliavin calculus to financial problems, semimartingale decompositions under an enlargement of filtrations in connection with insider problems, and the problem of transaction costs in connection with stochastic control and optimization problems.