Gale explains why international negotiations have not produced a sustainable solution to tropical rainforest degradation. Using an innovative, critical approach to international regimes, the author analyzes the structure and operation of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO). He shows how the timber industry and producing- and consuming-country governments created a blocking alliance that favoured developmentalist interests and ideas. The ITTO bolstered this alliance by permitting environmentalists merely to voice, but not to negotiate, their concerns.
The world's tropical rainforests are disappearing rapidly and governments are powerless to stop it. The reason lies in the role the tropical timber trade plays in tropical rainforest degradation. The author argues that the timber industry plays a key role in structuring social relations in developing and developed countries, providing the ideological justification for overcutting and the wherewithal to carry it out.
Speaking Private Authority argues that to better understand the global governance phenomenon known as private authority, investigators must interrogate the strategic social maneuverings of actors--particularly how actors leverage discursive maneuverings to gain advantageous social positions to more effectively exercise private authority.--John Oates, Florida International University
This book investigates the potential need for an international convention on forests and establishes a multifunctional concept of forests as a cornerstone for international forest regulation. Accordingly, it examines a variety of international instruments pertaining directly or indirectly to forests and explores their entangled, fragmented nature. While contending that the lack of consistency in international law impedes the development of a stand-alone international forest convention, at the same time it argues that the lessons learned from fragmentation as well as from the history of forest discourse on the international level open up new options for the regulation of forests in international law, based on (new) concepts of coordination and cooperation.
There is genuine cause for concern over the excessive exploitation of tropical forest in many regions, but also many misconceptions about the causes and sources of thisexploitation. The Economics of the Tropical Timber Trade provides a detailed analysis of the economic linkages between the trade and forest degradation. Based on a report prepared for the ITTO, it looks at current and future market conditions and assesses the impacts on tropical forests of both the international timber trade and domestic demand. The authors examine the causes of deforestation and compare the environmental impacts of the timber trade with other factors, such as the conversion of the forest to agriculture. Finally, they assess the national and international trade policy options and discuss the potential role that interventions in the international timber trade may have in promoting efficient and sustainable use of forest resources. This book is of interest to those concerned with forest management and policy, trade and environment, and with the economics of conservation and resource use.
Gerry Nagtzaam contends that in recent decades neoliberal institutionalist scholarship on global environmental regimes has burgeoned, as has constructivist scholarship on the key role played by norms in international politics. In this innovative volume, the author sets these interest- and norm-based approaches against each other in order to test their ability to illustrate why and how different environmental norms take hold in some regimes and not others. The book explores why some global environmental treaties seek to preserve and protect some parts of nature from human utilization, some seek to conserve certain parts of nature for human development, whilst others allow the reckless exploitation of nature without accounting for the consequences. It tracks the fate of these three underlying environmental norms preservation, conservation and exploitation using case studies on whaling, mining in Antarctica and tropical timber. The book illustrates how international political battles to shape environmental regimes inevitably result in clashes between these competing environmental norms. This unique study will prove a fascinating read for both academics and practitioners in the fields of international environmental politics and international environmental law.
Effects of International Trade and Corruption on Tropical Deforestation
Following an interdisciplinary approach to debates about the future of tropical forests in Southeast Asia, the authors - experts in their field - unravel the extent to which the interests of local inhabitants, nation-states and international environmental movements are intertwined. This volume, a joint publication with Kyoto University Press, examines the highly politicized context in which local forestry problems intersect with global market forces, focusing on the social and economic diversity of different tropical forests and their specific historical background. It emphasizes the importance of examining local issues in their own right.